years of schooling with little consideration to the area
of specialization. Second, the average education of
women in Kuwait is higher than that of men.
There are number of future research direction
could be studied for instance, the influence of
education in the choice of sectors and other decisions
taken after school should be taken into account when
one studies the full benefits brought by education to
an individual, the effect of selecting secondary level
track on higher education and the influences of
technical vocation education on labor market.
Education is one of the many investment decisions
motivated by the fact that the investment yields a
choice that one would not otherwise have. Part of the
return to the investment is to be found in the set of
options that emerges. For instance, when an
individual decides upon the education track to be
attained, it is believed that such academic
qualification will lead to a better-paid job. That
qualification will also extend the number of options in
other matters, as well, such as the sector and/or
specific firm where the individual will be employed.
Part of the individual’s return to education will thus
be the return to subsequent choices that are available
only after qualification is obtained.
The author grateful to the editor of this
conference, and would like to thank Dr. Bachir Talibi
for this helpful comments and assistance. The author
is responsible for remaining errors.
Gustman, A. L., & Steinmeier, T. L. (1982). The relation
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Based on the findings of this paper the researcher
can conclude that, Kuwait vocational education
system at the secondary level has successfully
addressed the needs of the market/industry, better
match between skills acquired in school and the
industry will expected to accelerate the school-to-
work transition, better match of vocational skills and
industry needs would increase the expectation that
the labor market will reward vocational skills better
than general education (other factors remaining
unchanged) and the important observations is that
the rate of return on technical vocation education
slightly higher than the rate of return on formal
education, however this finding is inconsistent with
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In addition, even though the coefficient of age in
eq.3 is insignificant there are possible explanations for
this finding. First, the age affects the individual choice
in selecting the technical vocation school. Second, the
gap in ages between the technical vocation school
students. Third, the government pay scales are little
consideration to the area of specialization.
The main objectives of this paper were to present
estimates of the returns for the two track of
secondary level education system in Kuwait and
demonstrate the impact of more experience and ages
on earning. The use of the Mincer equation in its
simpler form seems to give an approximate value for
the total return on education.
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